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THE LOST SPACE TREASURE SERIES:
SCIENTIFIC GLOSSARY AND COOL FACTS
"An android is a robot that looks very similar to humans."
Find out more: https://kids.kiddle.co/Android_(robot)
Artificial Intelligence (AI):
"Artificial intelligence is a tool whereby a computer is given the ability to think and learn like the human brain. It is already used in self-driving cars, search engines like Google, etc. and will be used extensively in the near future. Some people are worried AI will be a danger to humans once they tart learning faster than us."
Find out more: https://kids.kiddle.co/Artificial_intelligence
"Biotechnology is a technology that uses living organisms to make
useful chemicals and products. The technology is used in medicine,
food science and agriculture. A simple example is the use of yeast
to make beer, but the technology is also used to improve crops,
make biodegradable plastics, clone animals, etc."
Find out more: https://kids.kiddle.co/Biotechnology
"A type of fiber that is made of carbon atoms. It is a lightweight material that is five times stronger than steel. It is used to make bike frames, car components, etc."
Find out more: https://www.innovativecomposite.com/what-is-carbon-fiber/
"Cloning is the creation of a copy of a cell or of an entire living thing. The copy is called a clone. A clone has exactly the same DNA as the original cell or living thing."
Find out more: https://kids.britannica.com/kids/article/cloning/574603
"Cryogenic sleep means that an astronaut will be put into a very deep sleep that is comparable to hibernation. Placed in very low temperatures, the metabolism slows down so that the astronaut can survive a long time while he/she travels long distances in space. Cryogenic sleep is not yet possible but is currently being researched by NASA."
Find out more: https://www.dreams.co.uk/sleep-matters-club/will-cryogenic-sleep-ever-thing
Planets that are mostly made up of gases like hydrogen and helium.
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are gas planets.
"The Goldilocks Zone refers to a zone around a star where planets could hold life. If the planet is too far from the star, it would be too cold to hold life. If it is too close to the star, it would be too hot to hold life. Hence the "perfect temperature zone" - not too hot and not too cold!"
Find out more: https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/faq/15/what-is-the-habitable-zone-or-goldilocks-zone/
"A hover train is based on magnetic levitation (Maglev). This type of train uses one set of electromagnets to repel and push the train up off the track, and another set to move the elevated train ahead. The lack of friction means the train can go very fast. The fastest Maglev trains are in Shanghai (China) and Yamanashi (Japan)."
Find out more: https://kids.kiddle.co/Maglev_train
How fast does the Earth hurtle through space?:
Earth spins at 1000 miles per hour, so even when we are sitting still, we are in fact flying through space at incredible speed.
Lab grown biotechnological skin or artificial skin:
"A team at the University of Tokyo has created a material that resembles human skin. It is made from human skin cells and collagen, and could be used to cover human-like robots."
Find out more: https://www.iotworldtoday.com/robotics/researchers-develop-living-skin-for-robots-
"Pneumatics uses air pressure to do work."
Find out more: https://sciencewithkids.com/science-facts/facts-about-pneumatics.html
"A vacuum is a space with nothing in it—not even air."
Find out more: https://kids.britannica.com/kids/article/vacuum/400196
"Pneumatic tubes (or capsule pipelines, also known as pneumatic tube transport or PTT) are systems that propel cylindrical containers through networks of tubes by compressed air or by partial vacuum. "
Find out more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumatic_tube
"Tiny quantum particles, such as atoms, electrons, and photons can exist in more than one place at the same time through a phenomenon known as quantum superposition."
Find out more: https://www.real-world-physics-problems.com/quantum-physics-for-kids.html
Speed of sound:
"The speed of sound is 1,235 kilometers (767 mi) per hour or
330 meters (1,083 ft) per second in dry air in room temperature.
Supersonic aircraft, such as the Tupolev Tu-144, can travel at
the speed of sound and are used by the military."
Find out more: https://kids.britannica.com/students/article/sound/277144
A star clusters is a large group of stars.
"A substance or material is synthetic when it is not made up of natural substances, like cotton or wool, and is man-made artificially from chemical reactions."
Find out more: https://www.twinkl.ca/teaching-wiki/synthetic
"Tetra- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “four.” It is used in a great many scientific and other technical terms. In chemistry, tetra- is specifically used to indicate four atoms or four groups of atoms in compounds, e.g., tetrachloride."
Find out more: https://www.dictionary.com/browse/tetra-
Gravity on the surface of a planet makes time pass faster than it does in space. So when a twin travels to space for many years, they will find that their twin is older than them when they return to Earth.
Find out more: https://planetary-science.org/astrophysics/time-dilation/#:~:text=Clocks%20on%20the%20International%20Space,behind%20for%20every%20six%20months.
*All images from CANVA.
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